what is a static method in Python, its advantages, and use cases


Python, a versatile and powerful programming language, offers various methods to perform different tasks. One such method is the static method. In this article, we’ll delve into the details of what is a static method in Python, its advantages, and use cases with it effectively. Whether you’re a beginner looking to understand the fundamentals or an experienced developer seeking to refine your knowledge, this guide has you covered.

What is a Static Method in Python?

A static method in Python is a type of method that belongs to a class rather than an instance of the class. Static methods don’t depend on the instance or class-level properties, in contrast to instance methods, which work with object-specific data. This indicates that a static method cannot access or change the instance’s state. It can be called on the class itself without having to construct an instance because it is declared using the @staticmethod decorator.

Advantages of Using Static Methods

Code Organization

You can maintain a simpler code structure and increase code readability by classifying related utility functions as static methods.

Namespace Separation

Static methods aid in the division of functionality not dependent on instance properties, reducing ambiguity and simplifying code maintenance.


Static methods are faster to execute and use less memory than instance methods because they don’t need to be created as instances.

Defining and Calling Static Methods

To define a static method in Python, you use the @staticmethod decorator followed by a method definition within a class. Here’s an example of how to define and call a static method:

class MathOperations:
    def add_numbers(x, y):
        return x + y

result = MathOperations.add_numbers(5, 7)
print(result)  # Output: 12

In this example, the add_numbers static method adds two numbers without needing an instance of the class.

Use Cases of Static Methods

Utility Functions

when you must develop utility functions connected to a class but which do not rely on instance-specific information.

Helper Methods

For operations that are common to many instances of a class, static methods can be utilised as helper functions.

Factory Methods

Static methods are frequently used in class methods to produce factory methods that return instances of the class.

Mathematical Calculations

Calculations that don’t require access to or modification of instance attributes can be defined using static methods.

Common Misconceptions about Static Methods

Static Methods are Similar to Class Methods

Class methods have access to the class and can change its characteristics, whereas static methods cannot, even though they are both connected to the class rather than instances.

Static Methods are Slow:

Static methods are actually faster than instance methods since they don’t require the overhead of instance creation.

Static Methods Can’t Access Class Attributes

While instance-specific attributes cannot be accessed by static methods, class-level attributes may.


Q1: Can static methods access instance attributes?
A1: No, static methods cannot access instance attributes as they are not bound to instances.

Q2: Are static methods inherited by subclasses?
A2: Yes, static methods can be inherited by subclasses, but they remain the same in behavior.

Q3: How do static methods differ from class methods?
A3: Class methods can access and modify class attributes, while static methods cannot. Class methods are defined using the @classmethod decorator.

Q4: Can I call a static method on an instance?
A4: While it’s possible to call a static method on an instance, it’s recommended to call it on the class itself.

Q5: Are static methods exclusive to Python?
A5: No, other programming languages like Java and C++ also have the concept of static methods.

Q6: Can I override a static method in a subclass?
A6: Yes, you can override a static method in a subclass by redefining it.


We have covered the idea of static methods in Python in this extensive guide. For creating well-structured and effective code, understanding static methods is essential. You should now have a firm understanding of what is a static method in Python, how to define and utilize them, as well as their benefits and use cases. Your programming toolbox will be more modular, readable, and performant if you include static methods.

Also Read:

What is __new__ python Method

Python int() Function Guide

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